Over time, temperature fluctuations and extended weather exposure can take a toll on your asphalt driveway. Physical damages and swings between hot and cold weather can cause the asphalt to expand and contract, allowing small breaks in the surface to expand into larger cracks. If left untreated, these cracks can expand and ruin the structural stability of your driveway. Thankfully, if done early, fixing cracks in asphalt driveways is a fairly simple process that only requires a couple of basic tools.
Before You Begin
For small cracks, you'll need a broom, a chisel, a putty knife, a caulking gun and a pressure washer. For small cracks, you'll also need a rubber based asphalt filler. For potholes and large crevices, you'll need an asphalt patch, which is a slightly different repair tool, and a shovel. All of these items can be found at most hardware stores if you do not already have them at home.
Fixing Small Cracks
For small cracks in the asphalt of your driveway, you'll want to clean out the crack before you start working. Use a broom to remove any loose debris, and then use a pressure washer to ensure that the area is clean.
Then, take the chisel and remove any barely hanging on pieces of asphalt. This makes adding the sealant much easier.
Then apply the rubber based asphalt filler. For small tubes, place them in the caulking gun for added accuracy, but if you purchased a large jug, you can pour it out slowly by hand.
Use the putty knife to smooth out the top of the surface and remove any excess filler, and then let it sit for at least 24 hours before driving over it.
Fixing Potholes and Large Cracks
Larger breaks in your asphalt, such as potholes, will require a slightly more complex fix. Before you attempt this, it should be noted that do it yourself methods are not always effective, and you may have to contact a professional to have your driveway redone if the crack is too large.
Firstly, clean out the crack using the broom, pressure washer, and chisel. Then, apply the asphalt patch into the hole. Once you are approximately level with the rest of the driveway, use the head of the shovel to pack the patch down.
Keep adding the asphalt patch to the crack or pothole in question, packing it down every time it comes level with the rest of the driveway until you can no longer force it down.
You'll want to have the final addition of patch rise slightly above the rest of the driveway, so that it will be pressed down as your car passes over it. Visit www.asphaltrepairservice.com for more information.